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To understand how CURP codes are built, one must first understand Hispano American naming conventions. Full names in Spanish-speaking countries (including Mexican full names) consist of three elements:
First surname: the father's first surname; and
Second surname: the mother's first surname.
The CURP code is composed of 18 characters that are assigned as follows:
The first surname's initial and first inside vowel;
The second surname's initial (or the letter "X" if, like some foreign nationals, the person has no second surname);
The first given name's initial;
Date of birth (2 digits for year, 2 digits for month, and 2 digits for day);
A one-letter gender indicator (H for male (hombre in Spanish) or M for female (mujer in Spanish));
A two-letter code for the state where the person was born; for persons born abroad, the code NE (nacido en el extranjero) is used;
The first surname's second inside consonant;
The second surname's second inside consonant;
The first given name's second inside consonant; and
Two characters ranging from 0-9 for people born before 2000 or from A-Z for people born since 2000; these characters are generated by the National Population Registry to prevent identical entries.
For married women, only maiden names are used.
For example, the CURP code for a hypothetical person named Gloria Hernández García, a female, born on 27 April 1956 in the state of Veracruz, could be HEGG560427MVZRRL05
Note: School transcripts of grades and/or diplomas from post-secondary institutions still require legalization for revalidation.
To prove a common-law relationship in Mexico, the applicants must present a Statutory Declaration or Affidavit signed before a Canadian Notary Public, stating that as of the date of the visa application the interested parties have cohabited publicly and continuously for a minimum of two years. This declaration must contain certified copies (certified by a Notary Public) of the official photo identification of the interested parties (passport, driver’s license), as well as documents demonstrating their common-law relationship (rental contract or financing to purchase a home signed jointly; joint property; joint bank or credit accounts; income tax return showing the common-law union; life insurance policy listing the common-law partner as beneficiary, etc.).
If the couple has children together, they should present the original birth certificate(s) of the child(ren). In this case, it is not necessary for the couple to have cohabited publicly and continuously for a minimum of two years. Nevertheless, they must show that they maintain a common residence by means of payment receipts for utilities issued under both names.
If the Statutory Declaration is signed before a Notary Public from a province outside the jurisdiction of the Representative Office carrying out the procedure, or outside the country, it must be legalized by the corresponding Mexican Embassy or Consulate. In the document is issued outside Canada, it must be apostilled or legalized, depending on the country.
For those in the area of San Miguel de Allende, I process citizenship applications. There is more than one way to become a Mexican Citizen These include being a resident; child born to a Mexican national in another country; expat being married to a Mexican national; being adopted by a Mexican national; people born in Spain and Latin American; one who contributes to the country in ways such as business, art, sports, cultural, scientist in a very significant way.
The following process only applies to those with 5 years of residency. One must have been a resident of Mexico for 5 years. This means being a Temporary or Permanent Resident for 5 years. And one needs a letter from INM stating what was your visa status 5 years ago. This I process at INM for you.
Those over age 60 do not have to write a test in Spanish with questions pertaining to Mexico. Those 60 and under write the test. There is a study guide on line: www.SRE.gob.mx
Your birth certificate has to be legalized (Canadian) or apostille (American) and both the birth certificate and apostille /legalized document need to be translated in Mexico by a certified translator.
Required are three photos, passport size 4.5 x 3.5 cm with a white background, front view, no glasses, etc.
The name on your passport must exactly match your name on your birth certificate. If not, your consulate or embassy can provide a letter stating the documents are for one and the same person.
One needs two criminal records. One is from the state in which you live and one is Federal. For the latter, one needs to go to Mexico City or have a person on your behalf with a power of attorney represent you.
One completes the form Solicitud de carte de naturalizacion (DNN-3). With the form you need to submit a letter indicating how many times you exited Mexico in past two years and complete a chart indicating when you left, when you returned, where you went and the page number in your passport with the stamps confirming this. You also need to copy your complete passport. You must be present to submit.
All applicants regardless of age will be interviewed in Spanish with questions about your name, where born, citizenship, etc. For those in San Miguel and area the interview is in Queretaro.
All submitted documents are to be in triplicate
The process takes 6 to 8 months.
Cost 4710 pesos as of March 2017.
If seeking my assistance, please ask and I will define my role and cost.